The Legacy of Kanchipuram Silk: Exploring Its Rich History and Cultural Significance

Introduction to Kanchipuram Silk Saree

Kanchipuram silk is a type of silk saree that is made in the Kanchipuram region of Tamil Nadu. These sarees are famous across Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. These are typically worn by brides or women on special occasions. The saree is made of pure mulberry silk and includes zari work (gold or silver thread).

Kanchipuram silk sari is not just a sari, it is considered as an expression of identity, beauty and charm for women. These sarees stand out as the symbol of cultural pride and heritage, passed from generation to generation. The Kanchipuram saree has also become a fashion icon in recent years. Designers have been experimenting with the saree and transforming it in a way to makes it appealing to younger generations.

The Origins of the Kanchipuram Silk Saree

Kanchipuram silk saree has originated from Kanchipuram town. Kanchipuram is known as the silk capital of India and the city is famous for its Kanchipuram silk sarees. The silk trade in Kanchipuram began during the reign of King Raja Raja Chola I. The craftsmanship of the weavers who migrated from Andhra Pradesh to Kanchipuram in the 15th century transformed the saree to the next level.

In the reign of Krishna Deva Raya, the Devangas and Saligars (weaving communities of Andhra Pradesh) migrated and settled in the various regions of the Vijayanagara Empire. They introduced innovative techniques with new designs and changed old traditions, thus taking the industry to new levels. The designs and patterns of these sarees were inspired mostly by nature and the sculptures of temples.

The Art of Kanchipuram Silk Weaving

Kanchipuram silk weaving is one of the oldest and finest hand-woven textiles in the world. The silk yarn is extracted first and then dyed. It is then woven with zari threads. The silk threads are dipped in rice water and dried in the sun to give stiffness and thickness and then coloured separately. The border and pallu are dyed in one colour while the body is dyed in a contrast colour.

The coloured threads and zari are separated and attached to the weaving loom from one end to the other. The wrap ends are drawn and attached to the previous wrap on the loom. The designs are hand drawn and then designed on a computer. There are continuous pages of cardboard stencils above the weaving loom that move with the design. The design is cut into a cardboard sheet using a cutting machine that acts as a stencil on the weaving loom. The threads are hand-woven as per the design. This is the manual weaving process of the Kanchipuram saree.

Kanchipuram silk saree is woven using high-quality silk threads. The silk threads used are:

  • Mulberry silk: It comes from the Bombyx mori silkworm. It is a domesticated silkworm that feeds on Mulberry leaves.
  • Zari: It is made by wrapping silk thread with pure gold or silver wire, which is then converted into thin metallic thread.
  • Tussar silk: It is produced from silkworms that feed on the leaves of oak and sal.
  • Muga silk: It is also produced from silk worms named Antheraea assamensis.
  • Eri silk: It is obtained from Samia cynthia ricini silkworm that feeds on castor leaves.

The Techniques Unique to Kanchipuram Silks are:

Korvai technique: These are woven separately and then joined together using this technique.

Petni technique: This technique is used to attach the pallu to the body of the saree.

The patterns unique to Kanchipuram silks are checks, floral patterns, peacock motifs, animal and bird motifs, geometric patterns (diamond, circle) and traditional motifs (deities and cultural symbols).

Cultural significance of the Kanchipuram Silk

Kanchipuram silks are a symbol of culture and tradition. Silk sarees are an essential part of bridal wear in South India. Brides usually wear Kanchipuram silk sarees at their wedding as part of their tradition. There is also a custom of offering Kanchipuram sarees to deities. The saree is also worn during festivals like Diwali, Pongal and Navratri as part of the tradition.

Kanchipuram sarees are known for their vibrant colours and patterns. The most attractive feature of a Kanchipuram saree is its colours. The colours used are:

Red – Colour of tradition and it represents love, passion and purity.

Green – Colour of nature and it denotes harmony and balance.

Gold – Colour of wealth and it symbolises luxury and prosperity.

Blue – Colour of serenity and it represents trust, loyalty and wisdom.

Pink – Colour of femininity and it denotes love, affection and romance.

Purple – Colour of royalty and it represents elegance.

Yellow – Colour of joy and it symbolises happiness.

White – Colour of purity and it represents innocence and peace.

Buying Kanchipuram sarees online

Buying  Kanchipuram sarees online gives you the freedom to explore a variety of sarees in different colours, designs and patterns. While you choose to buy a Kanchipuram saree online there are some factors to consider. Opt for reputable sellers who are certified retailers of Kanchipuram sarees.

Afterwards, verify the authenticity of the saree and make sure that it is not a blended product but pure Kanchipuram silk. Compare the price with the market price to ensure that they are not charging high prices to make a profit or selling at low prices because of low quality. Also, look for a return and exchange policy if it doesn't meet your expectations.

Exploring the variety of Kanchipuram sarees

There are different types of Kanchipuram silk sarees that are worn on different occasions.

Plain Kanchipuram with gold border: The saree features a contrast border or a golden zari border with a single base color. The saree will enrich the look of the person wearing it.

Modern Kanchipuram silk: A modern Kanchipuram saree is made by blending new colours and motifs with older designs and patterns.

Traditional Kanchipuram: Checks, coins, chakras and temple borders make the traditional Kanchipuram saree the richest weave among other Kanchipuram sarees.

Temple border Kanchipuram: These sarees have a zigzag temple border. This makes the saree unique from other items.

Borderless Kanchipuram: Borderless Kanchipuram silk sarees are trending among younger generations. This saree also consists of attractive motifs and patterns which increase its demand among people.

The Kanchipuram Saree Collection at Myposhaakh

Myposhaak offers a variety of Kanchipuram silk sarees for you. They work directly with the weavers and give you the best product directly without any intermediates. The collection includes:


This saree is woven using traditional weaving techniques with high-quality cotton. It includes intrinsic designs, rich pallu and unique motifs.


This saree is made using a traditional weaving technique using premium cotton. The body of the saree is a classic grey colour with elegant borders, pallu and motifs.  


This sari is also crafted using traditional weaving techniques with high-quality cotton. Available in vibrant and soft colours, the sari features floral motifs, elaborate motifs and rich pallu.


High-quality cotton is traditionally woven by skilled artisans to make the sari. Sophisticated borders and a decorated pallu with classic borders are the features of the saree.


High-quality cotton and traditional weaving techniques are used in the production of the saree. The saree features golden threads along with elaborate borders and traditional motifs.

People Also Ask

On what occasions can you wear Kanchipuram sarees?

Kanchipuram sarees can be worn at weddings, festivals and religious ceremonies and also on special occasions such as parties and receptions.

Where can you buy Kanchipuram sarees online?

You can buy high-quality traditional Kanchipuram sarees online through the Myposhaak website. They offer a wide range of sarees and you can choose the one of your choice from their collection.

What are the different types of Kanchipuram sarees available?

Different types of Kanchipuram sarees are available in the market are pure silk kanchipuram sarees, cotton kanchipuram sarees, soft silk kanchipuram sarees, wedding kanchipuram sarees, traditional kanchipuram sarees and also modern kanchipuram sarees.

Check out our collections : ajrakh modal silk saree , ajrakh dupatta 

In this blog, we have discussed the legacy of Kanchipuram sarees and their cultural significance. Kanchipuram saree is one of the oldest sarees woven using traditional handloom techniques. It is perfect for auspicious occasions such as weddings, religious functions etc. The borders, pallu and the unique patterns on the saree make it stand out among other sarees. These sarees can be expensive but do not compromise on quality. Hence make sure you buy it from reputed sites such as Myposhaak so that it is worth the money you spend. Why are you waiting? Go and buy the Kanchipuram saree of your choice.

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